Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) is an independent, global non-profit organization dedicated to the certification of facilities engaged in lawful, humane and ethical production. Headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, WRAP has offices in Hong Kong and Bangladesh with staff in the UK, Mexico and East Africa.
Based on reports of improper working conditions in sewing factories in developing countries, a task force composed of members from the American Apparel Manufacturers Association, consultants, NGOs and other stakeholders began an exhaustive, three-year study of the labor and environmental conditions in sewing factories around the world in late 1996. Based hundreds of meetings across the world with numerous governments, trade associations, retailers, brand manufacturers, suppliers, trade unions and NGOs, WRAP was established in January 2000 and is today the world’s largest labor and environmental certification program for labor-intensive consumer products manufacturing and processing. WRAP enjoys the support of 25 international trade associations including the International Apparel Federation which represents 36 national associations and over 150,000 individual companies.
WRAP is a standards-setting and certification body. It has no members nor does it rely on government funding or foundation grants.
The WRAP Certification Program is based on 12 Principles focusing on local law and workplace regulations, generally accepted international workplace standards, and the environment. WRAP also includes evaluation of a facility’s customs compliance and security standards in line with the Customs - Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) Foreign Manufacturers Security Criteria of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security for facilities exporting to the US. Facilities that demonstrate proper adoption, deployment and monitoring of all 12 Principles receive certification for six months to two years. The certificate applies to the individual facility, not a parent company or brand.
As stated above, WRAP focuses on compliance with local law. It is an apolitical organization and does not lobby nor advocate for issues such as freedom of association outside of local law, nor the concept of a living wage, which has not been defined. WRAP understands and respects the unique culture of each country. Therefore it is the policy that WRAP has not and will not get involved in any political issue with any country.
Facilities benefit from WRAP certification by demonstrating compliance with buyer Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) requirements. This certification clearly opens doors and creates business opportunities in today’s highly competitive global export markets. WRAP is well recognized and has been accepted by many international retailers, brand manufacturers and licensors. Manufacturers in many developing countries have treated WRAP as an “International Passport for Entry into Western Countries”.
WRAP has incorporated a significant number of “best practices” to assist facilities in becoming more efficient, productive and profitable. Finally, the overall benefits are clear: better working conditions for employees, an environmental program designed to protect the environment, and a sustainable platform to provide for future generations.